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Endangered Mammals of South America

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Show mammals in South America with profiles available.
Show all mammals of concern in South America.

Click on the species name to view all info that is currently available.

Mammals
Common Name Range ***
Amazonian ManateeSouth America (Amazon R. Basin)
Andean BearBolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Andean CaenolestidEcuador
Andean CatArgentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
Andean Hairy ArmadilloArgentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru
Andean Night MonkeyPeru
Andean Titi MonkeyPeru
Apeco Oldfield MousePeru
Aquatic RatEcuador
Aratathomas's Yellow Shouldered BatColombia
Argentine Tuco-tucoArgentina
Ashaninka Oldfield MousePeru
Atacama MyotisChile, Peru
Atlantic TitiBrazil
Ayres Black UakariBrazil
Azara's Tuco-tucoArgentina
Bald UakariBrazil, Colombia, Peru
Bearded SakiBrazil
Beni Titi MonkeyBolivia
Berg's Tuco-tucoArgentina
Black Squirrel MonkeyBrazil
Black-crowned Dwarf MarmosetBrazil
Black-faced Black Spider MonkeyBolivia, Brazil, Peru
Black-fronted Titi MonkeyBrazil
Black-handed TamarinBrazil
Black-headed UakariBrazil, Colombia, Venezuela
Black-horned CapuchinArgentina, Brazil
BlackbuckArgentina, India, United States
Blackish Shrew OpossumColombia, Ecuador
Blond Titi MonkeyBrazil
Blonde CapuchinBrazil
Blunt-eared BatPeru
Bolivian Chinchilla RatBolivia
Bonetto's Tuco-tucoArgentina
Brazilian Arboreal MouseBrazil
Brazilian Funnel-eared BatBrazil
Brazilian Three-banded ArmadilloBrazil
Brazilian Three-toed SlothBrazil
Bridges's DeguArgentina, Chile
Brown-headed Spider MonkeyColombia, Ecuador, Panama
Brumback's Night MonkeyColombia
Buenos Aires Leaf-eared MouseArgentina
Buff-headed CapuchinBrazil
Buffy-headed MarmosetBrazil
Burmeister's ArmadilloArgentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
Bush DogBolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela
Central American TapirSouthern Mexico to Colombia and Ecuador
Chacoan Naked-tailed ArmadilloArgentina, Paraguay
Chacoan PeccaryArgentina, Bolivia, Paraguay
Chacoan Pygmy OpossumArgentina
Chilean CaenolestidArgentina, Chile
Chilean DolphinChile
Choco Broad-nosed BatColombia, Ecuador
ChunyiBolivia, Peru
Cleft-headed JuliomysBrazil
Coastal Black-handed TitiBrazil
Cochabamba Grass MouseBolivia
Coimbra-filho's Titi MonkeyBrazil
Colombian Black-handed TitiColombia
Colombian Night MonkeyColombia, Ecuador, Venezuela
Colombian WeaselColombia, Ecuador
Colombian Woolly MonkeyColombia (mainland)
Common Woolly MonkeyBrazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Cook's HocicudoUruguay
Cotton-top MarmosetCosta Rica to Colombia
Crab-eating RatColombia, Ecuador, Venezuela
Crested CapuchinBrazil
Ctenomys rionegrensisArgentina, Uruguay
Cuban Lesser Funnel-eared BatColombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica
Curacaoan Long-nosed BatAruba Island (Netherland Antilles), Colombia, Netherlands Antilles, Venezuela
D'Orbigny's Tuco-tucoArgentina
Darien Small Eared ShrewColombia, Panama
Dark Bolo MouseArgentina, Uruguay
Darwin's FoxChile (Los Lagos)
Definitive Leaf-eared MousePeru
Dekeyser's Nectar BatBrazil
Dryland Mouse OpossumColombia, Venezuela
Dwarf Red Brocket DeerColombia, Ecuador, Peru
Eastern Puna MousePeru
Ecuadoran Spiny Pocket MouseEcuador
Ecuadorean Grass MouseEcuador
Ecuadorian Sac-winged BatColombia, Ecuador
Elias' Atlantic Spiny-ratBrazil
Emily's Tuco-tucoArgentina
Equatorial Dog-faced BatEcuador
European RabbitAfrica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America (including United States), South America
Faint-striped OpossumBrazil
Fernandez's Sword-nosed BatVenezuela
Fernandina Galapagos MouseEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Fernandina Island Galapagos MouseEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Fossorial Giant RatArgentina, Brazil
Furtive Tuco-tucoArgentina
Galapagos Islands Fur SealEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Galapagos Rice RatEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Galapagos Sea LionColombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador
Geoffroy's CatArgentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay
Geoffroy's Peruvian Woolly MonkeyBolivia, Brazil, Peru
Giant AnteaterCentral and South America
Giant ArmadilloGuyana to Argentina, Venezuela
Giant Atlantic Tree RatBrazil
Giant OtterSouth America
Goeldi's MarmosetBolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Goeldi's Spiny RatBrazil, Colombia
Golden Lion TamarinBrazil
Golden Vizcacha RatArgentina
Golden-backed Squirrel MonkeyBrazil
Golden-headed Lion TamarinBrazil
Golden-mantle Saddleback TamarinEcuador, Peru
Golden-rumped TamarinBrazil
Golden-white Bare-ear MarmosetBrazil
Gorgas's Rice RatColombia, Venezuela
Gray Grass MouseArgentina
Gray-bellied Shrew OpossumEcuador, Peru
Gray-footed Spiny RatColombia, Venezuela
Gray-handed Night MonkeyColombia, Venezuela
Greater Long-tailed BatColombia, Ecuador
Greater Wilfred's MouseBrazil, Uruguay
Guiana Spider MonkeyBrazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname
GuinaArgentina, Chile
Hairy Little Fruit BatColombia, Ecuador
Hairy Long-nosed ArmadilloPeru
Hammond's Rice RatEcuador
Handley's Slender Mouse OpossumColombia
Handley's Tailless BatBolivia, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, Venezuela
Harmles SerotineEcuador (Galapagos Islands), Peru
Hooded SealAsia, Central America, Europe, North America, Oceanic, South America
Hummelinck's Vesper MouseAruba Island (Netherland Antilles), Brazil, Colombia, Netherlands Antilles, Venezuela
Inca Oldfield MousePeru
Incan Little Mastiff BatPeru
Indo-pacific Hump-backed DolphinAfrica, Asia, Australia, Middle East, Oceanic, South America
JaguarArizona, California, Central and South America, Louisiana, Mexico, New Mexico, Texas
Juan Fernandez Fur SealChile, Peru
Junin Slender OpossumPeru
Ka'apor CapuchinBrazil
Kalinowski's Oldfield MousePeru
Karimi's Fat-tailed Mouse OpossumBrazil
La Plata River DolphinArgentina, Brazil, Uruguay
Lami Tuco-tucoBrazil
Large Long-clawed MouseChile
Large-eared Oldfield MousePeru
Large-headed Rice RatBrazil
Least Big-eared BatBrazil, Colombia
Lesser Yellow-shouldered BatPeru
Little Spotted CatCosta Rica to Northern Argentina
Little Woolly Mouse OpossumColombia, Ecuador, Peru
Lonchophylla concavaColombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama
Long-haired Spider MonkeyBrazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Long-snouted BatPeru
Long-tailed ChinchillaChile
Long-tailed Fat-tailed OpossumBrazil, Paraguay
Long-tailed OtterSouth America
Los Chalchaleros' Vizcacha RatArgentina
Lund's Atlantic Tree RatBrazil
Magellanic Tuco-tucoArgentina, Chile
Maned WolfArgentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Mantiqueira Atlantic Tree RatBrazil
Mantled Howler MonkeyMexico to South America
MargayCentral and South America, Mexico
Marine OtterPeru south to Straits of Magellan
Marinkelle's Sword-nosed BatColombia
Marsh DeerArgentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Melissa's Yellow-eared BatColombia, Ecuador, Peru
Merida BrocketColombia, Venezuela
Monito Del MonteArgentina, Chile
Monster Rice RatBrazil
Moojen's Atlantic Spiny-ratBrazil
Moon-toothed DeguChile
Mottled Tuco-tucoArgentina
Mountain PacaBolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Mountain TapirColombia, Ecuador and possibly Peru and Venezuela
Musso's Fish-eating RatVenezuela
Neblina UakariBrazil, Venezuela
North Andean HuemulArgentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, Peru
Northern MuriquiBrazil
Northern PuduColombia, Ecuador, Peru
OcelotUSA (Arizona, Texas) to Central and South America
Olalla Brothers' Titi MonkeyBolivia
Orinoco AgoutiVenezuela
Orinoco Sword-nosed BatColombia, Venezuela
Ornate Titi MonkeyColombia
PacaranaBolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela
Pacific DeguChile
Pacific Spiny RatEcuador, Peru
Painted Tree RatBrazil
Pampas CatArgentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay
Pampas DeerArgentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Paraguana Mustached BatVenezuela
Paraguana Spiny Pocket MouseVenezuela
Patagonian CavyArgentina
Pearson's Long-clawed MouseChile (Los Lagos)
Pearson's Tuco-tucoArgentina, Uruguay
Peruvian Climbing MousePeru
PichiArgentina, Chile
Pied TamarinBrazil
Pilar Tuco-tucoParaguay
Pink Fairy ArmadilloArgentina
Pittier's Crab-eating RatVenezuela
Plains Viscacha RatArgentina
Platyrrhinus ismaeliColombia, Ecuador, Peru
Platyrrhinus matapalensisEcuador, Peru
Poeppig's Woolly MonkeyBrazil, Ecuador, Peru
Porteous's Tuco-tucoArgentina
PuduSouthern South America
Puna MousePeru
Pundt's Tuco-tucoArgentina
Quechuan HocicudoBolivia
Red MyotisBolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Red-handed Howler MonkeyBrazil
Red-handed Howling MonkeyBrazil
Red-nosed Tree RatBrazil
Reig's AepeomysVenezuela
Reig's OpossumVenezuela
Reig's Tuco-tucoArgentina
Rio De Janeiro Arboreal RatBrazil
Roberto's Spiny RatBrazil
Roig's Tuco-tucoArgentina
Rondonia MarmosetBrazil
Roraima MouseVenezuela
Sanborn's Grass MouseArgentina, Chile
Santa Catarina's Guinea PigBrazil
Santiago Galapagos MouseEcuador (Galapagos Islands)
Sechura Desert FoxEcuador, Peru
Shipton's Mountain CavyArgentina
Short-eared DogBolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru
Short-tailed ChinchillaBolivia
Silent Grass MousePeru
Silvery-brown Bare-face TamarinColombia
Slender Oldfield MousePeru
Small Red BrocketBrazil
Smokey BatChile, Ecuador, Peru
Social Tuco-tucoArgentina
South American TapirColombia and Venezuela south to Paraguay and Argentina
South Andean HuemulArgentina, Chile
Southern Long-nosed ArmadilloArgentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay
Southern PuduArgentina, Chile
Southern River OtterArgentina, Chile
Southern Three-banded ArmadilloArgentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay
Southern Tuco-tucoArgentina
Sowbug Rice RatBrazil
Spectral BatBelize, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
Spix's Red-handed Howler MonkeyBrazil
Strong-tailed Oldfield MousePeru
Superagui Lion TamarinBrazil
Thin-spined PorcupineBrazil
Thomas's Big-eared Brown BatArgentina, Bolivia, Peru
Thomas's Oldfield MouseEcuador, Peru
Tiny Yellow BatColombia, Venezuela
Torres's Crimson-nosed RatArgentina
Transitional ColilargoBrazil
Tschudi's Yellow-shouldered BatArgentina, Bolivia, Ecuador, Peru
Tuco-tuco Of The DunesBrazil
Ucucha ThomasomysEcuador
Unexpected Cotton RatEcuador
Unicolored Oldfield MouseColombia
Unicolored Tree RatBrazil
Variegated Spider MonkeyColombia, Venezuela
Venezuelan Fish-eating RatGuyana, Venezuela
VicunaSouth America (Andes)
West Indian ManateeCaribbean Sea, South America, Southeastern USA
Western Nectar BatEcuador, Peru
White SakiBrazil
White-cheeked Spider MonkeyBrazil (Mato Grosso, Para)
White-eared MarmosetBrazil
White-lipped PeccaryCentral America, North America, South America
White-nosed SakiBrazil
Wied's Black-tufted-ear MarmosetBrazil
Wood Sprite Gracile Mouse OpossumColombia, Venezuela
Woodland Oldfield MouseColombia, Venezuela
Woolly Spider MonkeyBrazil
Yellow-tailed Woolly MonkeyAndes of Northern Peru
Yonenaga's Atlantic Spiny-ratBrazil
Zuniga's Dark Rice RatPeru
More endangered creatures in South America:
Mammals | Birds | Reptiles | Amphibians | Fishes | Insects | Arachnids
Worms | Clams | Crustaceans | Snails | Corals, Jellyfish, and Sea Anemones | Plants
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***What mammals are listed here?:

The South America section of this site lists the folllowing mammals appearing on select endangered species lists:
  • Mammals that dwell in or migrate to any part of the South American continent and nearby islands.
  • Mammals dwelling in the Amazon Basin.
In some cases, the creatures listed in this section may also be found on other continents or in other areas, which is why you may see additional areas noted in the range column.

Disclaimer: This list combines species from several endangered species lists. Using the total count of species found on this site as an official count of endangered species of the world is not recommended. For more information on what creatures are listed on this site, please visit our About Us page.



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