Ryukyu Rabbit   RABBIT
Ryukyu Rabbit
Ryukyu Rabbit
Scientific Name:
Pentalagus furnessi
Other Names and/or Listed subspecies:
Amami Rabbit
Status/Date Listed as Endangered:
EN-US FWS: June 25, 1979
EN-IUCN: 2008
Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered:
Japan (Ryukyu Islands)

Also called the Amami rabbit, the Ryukyu rabbit is found on Amami Oshima and Tokuno-shima, small islands in Ryukyu Archipelgo, south of Japan. The Japanese call this rabbit the black rabbit of Amami because of its rather dark fur. Adults measure about 18 inches in length and the tail measures about 1.4 inches. It has a long snout and unusually long claws used for digging holes for nests. Its fur is thick and woolly and dark brown on the back and reddish brown on the sides. Its eyes are small, and its ears are short.

The Ryukyu rabbit prefers dense old-growth forests and forest edges covered by pampas grass for its habitat. Diet consists of a variety of plants, acorns, bamboo sprouts, and bark from a variety of forest trees. They communicate through a clicking sound and are nocturnal, and little is known about their social behavior. They like to move around the forest by using passages in the undergrowth. Mating only occurs in November thru December. Females dig burrows and give birth to two to three hairless and blind kits in April or May.

There is only a small and isolated population of Ryukyu rabbits and the main threat to the species is loss of habitat and predation by introduced species such as feral dogs, feral cats, and mongooses. In the past the species was hunted for its medicinal value, but it is now legally protected.

Wikipedia Article

This article is only an excerpt. If it appears incomplete or if you wish to see article references, visit the rest of its contents here.
Wikipedia Article
Copyright Notice: This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Amami rabbit".

More Links about the Ryukyu Rabbit:

Reference Links:
Ryukyu Rabbit - Wikipedia

Featured Article

Ten Creatures that may become extinct in the next 10 years
1. Leatherback Sea Turtle
Leatherback sea turtles have been around since pre-historic times. And unfortunately, if the species is allowed to vanish, scientists believe it will foreshadow the extinction of a host of other marine species. It is estimated that there are less than 5,000 nesting female leatherback sea turtles in the Pacific Ocean today, down from 91,000 in 1980.


Endangered Species of Our Planet

Donate, Adopt, Get Involved

EEC Conservation Directory

Mailing List

Would you like to receive a notice and link when the new Creature Feature is posted?

Enter your e-mail address below:


Fun & Games

Are you inspired by endangered animals? Check out our games and coloring pages! More to come soon.
color endangered creatures
play hangman