EEC Home Find an endangered species Browse the endangered species list
Andean Cat
Andean Cat

Need more Andean Cat facts?

Featured Creature
Creature Feature: Whale Shark Whale Shark
Although whale sharks are massive, they are generally docile and inoffensive to humans. Whale sharks are even sometimes nice enough to let human swimmers hitch a ride. Learn more about the Whale Shark.
Join the Featured Creature Mailing List

Would you like to receive a notice and link when the new Creature Feature is posted? Enter your e-mail address below:
HTML   Text-only
Privacy Policy

Andean Cat  CAT

Scientific Name:
Felis jacobita

Other Names and/or Listed subspecies:
Oreailurus jacobita, Andean Mountain Cat, Leopardus jacobitus, Leopardus jacobita

Group: Mammals

Status/Date Listed as Endangered:
EN-IUCN: 2008

EN-US FWS: June 14, 1976

Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered:
Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru

The Andean cat is said to be the rarest and least known of all cat species. It is about the size of a domestic cat but can appear larger because its long fur and tail. Its coat is striped and spotted and silvery-gray in color, and its underparts are paler in color. The fur is very fine, thick, and soft, and the tail is pale and marked with nine dark-brown bands. The ears are gray in color. Adults grow up to 24 inches long on average and reach a shoulder height of about 14 inches. The average body weight of adults is 12 lbs.

Andean cats are found high in the Andes Mountain range in South America. They have been spotted in Chile, Argentina, Peru, and Bolivia in rocky treeless terrain, where the conditions are very dry, windy, and cold. Very little is known about its social and reproductive behavior, but it is believed that the species is solitary. Diet may consist of small mammals such as chinchillas and viscachas, reptiles, and small birds.

Very few Andean cats have been observed in the wild and none are found in captivity. The current population status is unknown. Threats to the species may include poaching by locals, and some cats are killed in Chile and Bolivia because of local superstitions. Currently, the species is being studied by the Andean Cat Alliance and Conservation International with the use of radio-telemetry.

Andean Cat Facts Last Updated: January 24, 2009

To Cite This Page:
Glenn, C. R. 2006. "Earth's Endangered Creatures - Andean Cat Facts" (Online).
Accessed 3/27/2017 at


© 2006-2018 Earth's Endangered Creatures
About EEC   |   Contact Us   |   Disclaimer   |   How to Cite this Page   |   Conditions of Use    |   Privacy/Advertisements    |   Site Map