Bumblebee Bat   BAT
Bumblebee Bat
Bumblebee Bat
Scientific Name:
Craseonycteris thonglongyai
Other Names and/or Listed subspecies:
Kitti's Hog-nosed Bat
Status/Date Listed as Endangered:
EN-US FWS: January 23, 1984
VU-IUCN: 2008
Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered:

The bumblebee bat (or the Kitti's hog-nosed bat) may be the smallest mammal in the world, reaching only up to 33 mm and weighing only 1.7 to 2 grams, which is about the weight of a dime. It is found in Thailand (a more recent population has been found in Myanmar), and it is the only member of its family (Craseonycteris). This bat has a gray to reddish-brown coloration, its ears are relatively large, and it has a pig-like snout. Its wingspan can grow up to 3 inches.

This species can only be found in limestone caves, and they travel deep inside the caves to remain far from the entrance. They prefer roosting in groups and are active only at dusk, at which time they fly around the tops of bamboo clumps and teak trees. They are insectivorous and feed on insects located on leaves and twigs. They are also known to feed on insects while in flight. Little is known about the reproductive behavior of the species. A female with a single young was observed in May, and a pregnant female was once collected in April.

This species is threatened due to its rarity and because of the decline in its habitat quality. Population estimate is believed to be between 200 and 2000. The status of this species has not been reassessed since the discovery of the Myanmar population, and the Thailand population and its habitat are legally protected.

Wikipedia Article

This article is only an excerpt. If it appears incomplete or if you wish to see article references, visit the rest of its contents here.
Wikipedia Article
Copyright Notice: This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Kitti's hog-nosed bat".

Featured Article

Ten creatures that may become extinct in the next 10 years
1. Leatherback Sea Turtle
Leatherback sea turtles have been around since pre-historic times. And unfortunately, if the species is allowed to vanish, scientists believe it will foreshadow the extinction of a host of other marine species. It is estimated that there are less than 5,000 nesting female leatherback sea turtles in the Pacific Ocean today, down from 91,000 in 1980.


Endangered Species of Our Planet

Donate, Adopt, Get Involved

EEC Conservation Directory

Mailing List

Would you like to receive a notice and link when the new Creature Feature is posted?

Enter your e-mail address below:


Fun & Games

Are you inspired by endangered animals? Check out our games and coloring pages! More to come soon.
color endangered creatures
play hangman