EEC Home Find an endangered species Browse the endangered species list
Cougar
Cougar
More images: 1 2

Need more Cougar facts?





Cougar



Scientific Name:
Puma concolor

Other Names and/or Listed subspecies:
Also called the Puma or Mountain Lion. 3 subspecies endangered: Florida Panther (Puma or Felis concolor coryi), Costa Rican Puma (Puma or Felis concolor costaricensis), Eastern Puma (Puma or Felis concolor couguar)

Group: Mammals

Status/Date Listed as Endangered:
EN-US FWS: P. c. coryi - March 11, 1967, P. c. costaricensis - June 14, 1976, P. c. couguar - June 4, 1973

Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered:
North and Central America

The cougar (or puma) is found in North, Central, and South America. It is very closely related to the common house cat and does very well in captivity. Unlike the other big cats, the cougar cannot roar and purrs like the house cat. Three of the over 20 subspecies of the cougar are endangered: the Florida panther (Puma concolor coryi), the Costa Rican Puma (Puma concolor costaricensis), and the Eastern Puma (Puma concolor couguar). The color and thickness of the coat of the cougar varies according to region and subspecies, but generally, cougars are tawny-colored with black-tipped ears and tails. Cougars can run up to 43 mph and can jump 20 feet from a standing position. They can leap a distance of 16 feet vertically. Size also varies according to subspecies. North American cougars can grow up to eight feet long and can weigh up to 150 lb.

Cougars can kill prey up to seven times their body weight. Diet consists of large mammals, such as deer and elk. They also sometimes eat smaller animals, such as beavers, porcupines, or even mice. Like other cats, the cougar prefers to ambush its prey mostly from behind. They are also territorial and solitary only coming together to mate. They are generally shy animals and prefer to avoid humans. Males may breed with several females. The female gives birth to three or four kittens after a gestation period of 82 to 96 days.

The cougar species as a whole has made a dramatic recovery with over 30,000 in the US alone. The main cause of decline is loss of habitat. Only 30 to 50 Florida panthers remain in the wild today. Cause of decline for the Florida panther is human development and population growth in Florida, and some panthers are killed by collisions with vehicles. Eastern puma populations are said to be between 20 and 100 individuals. Estimated population for the Costa Rican puma is unknown.

More Links about the Cougar:

Reference Links:
Puma - Animal Diversity Web

Conservation Links:
The Cougar Fund
Save the Cougar

Cougar Facts Last Updated: February 12, 2008

To Cite This Page:
Glenn, C. R. 2006. "Earth's Endangered Creatures - Cougar Facts" (Online).
Accessed 1/22/2011 at http://earthsendangered.com/profile.asp?sp=737&ID=9.



PREVIOUS PAGE


© 2011-2012 Earth's Endangered Creatures
About EEC   |   Contact Us   |   Disclaimer   |   How to Cite this Page   |   Conditions of Use    |   Privacy/Advertisements    |   Site Map
michael kors black friday jordan 11 legend blue black infrared 6s coach black friday uggs black friday legend blue 11s louis vuitton outlet legend blue 11s north face cyber monday michael kors outlet beats by dre black friday beats by dre black friday jordan 6 black infrared jordan 13 barons jordan 6 black infrared jordan 13 grey toe michael kors black friday legend blue 11s jordan 6 black infrared black infrared 6s michael kors cyber monday coach black friday coach factory outlet louis vuitton outlet north face cyber monday uggs black friday michael kors black friday north face cyber monday jordan 11 legend blue coach cyber monday north face cyber monday michael kors black friday beats by dre black friday black infrared 6s jordan 11 legend blue uggs black friday beats by dre cyber Monday lululemon black friday beats by dre cyber monday north face black friday jordan 13 grey toe north face cyber monday coach cyber monday michael kors black friday michael kors black friday michael kors black friday uggs black friday black infrared 6s lululemon black friday jordan 13 black infrared 23 black infrared 6s black infrared 6s michael kors cyber monday michael kors black friday uggs cyber monday coach black friday jordan 13 barons black infrared 6s legend blue 11s beats by dre black friday