EEC Home Find an endangered species Browse the endangered species list
Giant Armadillo
Giant Armadillo

Need more Giant Armadillo facts?




Featured Creature
Creature Feature: Rainbow Parrotfish Rainbow Parrotfish
Rainbow parrotfish schools graze over the coral reef much like a herd of cattle over a grassy field. One adult male (the "supermale") often leads these schools. Females if needed may transform into males in order to reproduce. The supermales are typically sex-reversed females and are very territorial, habitually driving other males from the area. Learn more about the Rainbow Parrotfish.
 
Join the Featured Creature Mailing List

Would you like to receive a notice and link when the new Creature Feature is posted? Enter your e-mail address below:
 
HTML   Text-only
Privacy Policy

Giant Armadillo



Scientific Name:
Priodontes maximus

Other Names and/or Listed subspecies:
Priodontes giganteus

Group: Mammals

Status/Date Listed as Endangered:
EN-US FWS: June 14, 1976

VU-IUCN: 2008

Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered:
Guyana to Argentina, Venezuela

The giant armadillo is the largest of all armadillos and found in South America, east of the Andes, from northwestern Venezuela to northeastern Argentina. Adults grow as long as 35 inches and can weigh over 70 lb. The necks and backs of armadillos are covered with flexible carapaces (shells) consisting of 14 to 17 moveable bands of horn and bone. Their heads are also covered with a similar oval shield. The head, tail and lower edges of the giant armadillo are nearly white, and the rest of the body is dark brown. Underneath the carapace, its naked body appears wrinkly and pinkish in color. It has powerful claws with a very large central claw similar to the claw of the giant anteater. Giant armadillos are very fast on the ground and can sometimes balance themselves on their hind legs and tails, with their forefeet off the ground.

Giant armadillos prefer to live in burrows near water in grassland, brushland, woodland, and forests where termite mounds are present. It is believed that they are very good swimmers. They are active mainly at night and prefer to sleep in the daytime. They are very powerful and quick diggers enabling them to find insects and escape predators by hiding in the ground. Preferred diet is ants and termites, but they will also eat other insects, worms, spiders, larvae, snakes, and carrion. Giant armadillos can consume entire termite mound populations once discovered. Little is known about the mating behavior of this species. Other armadillo species are known to pair up during mating season and share a burrow. Females give birth to one to two young after a gestation period of 120 days. The young armadillos are born with tough leathery skin to protect them from dangerous predators.

Giant armadillos have suffered from loss of habitat due to agricultural development and human settlement, and they are also overhunted by humans for food. Some are killed by farmers because they are thought to damage crops. This species was listed as endangered in 1976, and the continued study of the species and its habitat is necessary to plan additional conservation efforts.

Giant Armadillo Facts Last Updated: January 1, 2006

To Cite This Page:
Glenn, C. R. 2006. "Earth's Endangered Creatures - Giant Armadillo Facts" (Online).
Accessed 1/25/2011 at http://earthsendangered.com/profile.asp?sp=11&ID=11.



PREVIOUS PAGE


© 2011-2012 Earth's Endangered Creatures
About EEC   |   Contact Us   |   Disclaimer   |   How to Cite this Page   |   Conditions of Use    |   Privacy/Advertisements    |   Site Map
jordan 6 black infrared uggs cyber monday jordan 11 legend blue uggs cyber monday north face black friday beats by dre cyber monday legend blue 11s beats by dre black friday black infrared 6s beats by dre cheap black infrared 6s jordan 11 legend blue lululemon black Friday uggs black friday black infrared 23 13s jordan 11 legend blue jordan 11 legend blue louis vuitton outlet beats by dre black friday uggs black friday jordan 6 black infrared jordan 6 black infrared coach outlet lebron 12 coach cyber monday michael kors black friday lululemon black friday black infrared 23 13s north face black friday north face black friday north face black friday jordan 13 black infrared 23 uggs black friday north face cyber monday jordan 13 barons jordan 6 black infrared beats by dre black friday beats by dre black friday north face black friday barons 13s beats by dre black friday black infrared 6s north face cyber monday lululemon cyber monday lululemon black friday jordan 13 grey toe beats by dre black friday black infrared 6s grey toe 13s north face cyber monday jordan 6 black infrared jordan 13 black infrared 23 jordan 13 barons beats by dre cyber monday beats by dre cyber Monday black infrared 6s lululemon cyber monday uggs cyber monday jordan 11 legend blue michael kors black friday