Aglaia spp. 
Area(s) Where Listed As Endangered:
Australia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei Darussalam, China, Fiji, Guam, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis and Futuna

Species/Common Names:
Aglaia aherniana
Aglaia amplexicaulis
Aglaia angustifolia
Aglaia apiocarpa
Aglaia archiboldiana
Aglaia australiensis
Aglaia barbanthera
Aglaia basiphylla
Aglaia bourdillonii
Aglaia brassii
Aglaia brownii
Aglaia ceramica
Aglaia chittagonga
Aglaia cinnamomea
Aglaia coriacea
Aglaia costata
Aglaia cremea
Aglaia cumingiana
Aglaia cuspidata
Aglaia densisquama
Aglaia densitricha
Aglaia evansensis
Aglaia flavescens
Aglaia fragilis
Aglaia gracilis
Aglaia heterotricha
Aglaia integrifolia
Aglaia laxiflora
Aglaia lepiorrhachis
Aglaia leucoclada
Aglaia mackiana
Aglaia macrostigma
Aglaia malabarica
Aglaia mariannensis
Aglaia membranifolia
Aglaia parksii
Aglaia penningtoniana
Aglaia perviridis
Aglaia pleuropteris
Aglaia polyneura
Aglaia puberulanthera
Aglaia pyriformis
Aglaia ramotricha
Aglaia rivularis
Aglaia rubrivenia
Aglaia saltatorum
Aglaia scortechinii
Aglaia smithii
Aglaia speciosa
Aglaia subsesilis
Aglaia tenuicaulis
Aglaia unifolia
Aglaia variisquama
Aglaia yzermannii

Aglaia is a genus of plants in the Meliaceae family, consisting of over 140 species of trees and shrubs found throughout tropical regions of the world. The species typically have pinnate leaves and produce small, yellow flowers with five petals. The fruits of Aglaia plants are usually fleshy, berry-like structures that contain seeds. The color of the plants varies depending on the species, with some having green leaves and others having purple or reddish leaves.

Aglaia plants are found in a range of habitats, from rainforests to savannas, and can be found in countries such as Indonesia, India, and Papua New Guinea. The plants reproduce sexually, with flowers producing both male and female reproductive organs. Pollination occurs through a variety of means, including wind, insects, and birds. Once pollinated, the flowers develop into fruits, which contain the seeds that will produce the next generation of plants.

Many species of Aglaia are threatened by habitat loss due to deforestation, logging, and conversion of land for agriculture. Climate change is also a significant threat, as rising temperatures and changing rainfall patterns can negatively impact the growth and survival of these plants. In addition, many Aglaia species are harvested for their timber, which is highly valued for its strength and durability. Efforts are underway to protect Aglaia plants and their habitat, including the creation of protected areas and sustainable land use practices. There are also ongoing research efforts to better understand the biology and ecology of these plants, which could inform future conservation strategies.

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Status/Date(s) Listed as Endangered

  Scientific Name Status Listing Date Range
1. Aglaia ahernianaVU-IUCN1998Philippines
2. Aglaia amplexicaulisVU-IUCN1998Fiji
3. Aglaia angustifoliaVU-IUCN1998Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines
4. Aglaia apiocarpaVU-IUCN1998India, Sri Lanka
5. Aglaia archiboldianaVU-IUCN1998Fiji
6. Aglaia australiensisVU-IUCN1998Australia
7. Aglaia barbantheraVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
8. Aglaia basiphyllaVU-IUCN1998Fiji
9. Aglaia bourdilloniiVU-IUCN1998India
10. Aglaia brassiiVU-IUCN1998Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
11. Aglaia browniiVU-IUCN1998Australia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
12. Aglaia ceramicaVU-IUCN1998Indonesia
13. Aglaia chittagongaVU-IUCN1998Bangladesh, China, Taiwan, Thailand
14. Aglaia cinnamomeaVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
15. Aglaia coriaceaVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Malaysia
16. Aglaia costataVU-IUCN1998Philippines
17. Aglaia cremeaVU-IUCN1998Papua New Guinea
18. Aglaia cumingianaVU-IUCN1998Brunei Darussalam, Malaysia, Philippines
19. Aglaia cuspidataVU-IUCN1998Papua New Guinea
20. Aglaia densisquamaVU-IUCN1998Malaysia
21. Aglaia densitrichaCR-IUCN1998Malaysia
22. Aglaia evansensisCR-IUCN1998Fiji
23. Aglaia flavescensVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
24. Aglaia fragilisVU-IUCN1998Fiji
25. Aglaia gracilisCR-IUCN1998Fiji
26. Aglaia heterotrichaCR-IUCN1998Tonga
27. Aglaia integrifoliaVU-IUCN1998Papua New Guinea
28. Aglaia laxifloraVU-IUCN1998Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia
29. Aglaia lepiorrhachisVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
30. Aglaia leucocladaVU-IUCN1998Papua New Guinea
31. Aglaia mackianaCR-IUCN1998Papua New Guinea
32. Aglaia macrostigmaVU-IUCN1998Malaysia
33. Aglaia malabaricaCR-IUCN1998India
34. Aglaia mariannensisVU-IUCN1998Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau
35. Aglaia membranifoliaVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Malaysia
36. Aglaia parksiiVU-IUCN1998Fiji, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
37. Aglaia penningtonianaVU-IUCN1998Papua New Guinea
38. Aglaia perviridisVU-IUCN1998Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, India, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam
39. Aglaia pleuropterisCR-IUCN1998Vietnam
40. Aglaia polyneuraVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
41. Aglaia puberulantheraVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Papua New Guinea
42. Aglaia pyriformisVU-IUCN1998Philippines
43. Aglaia ramotrichaVU-IUCN1998Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia
44. Aglaia rivularisVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Malaysia
45. Aglaia rubriveniaVU-IUCN1998Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
46. Aglaia saltatorumVU-IUCN1998Fiji, Niue, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna
47. Aglaia scortechiniiVU-IUCN1998Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia
48. Aglaia smithiiVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Philippines
49. Aglaia speciosaVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Malaysia
50. Aglaia subsesilisVU-IUCN1998Malaysia
51. Aglaia tenuicaulisVU-IUCN1998Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand
52. Aglaia unifoliaCR-IUCN1998Fiji
53. Aglaia variisquamaVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Malaysia
54. Aglaia yzermanniiVU-IUCN1998Indonesia, Malaysia

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